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Golden British shorthair WIKI

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The name of the breed is deciphered as follows: “retriever” – “bring, save”, and golden – indicates the color of a chic coat. The breed was bred as a hunting one, but today the dog is more a companion and is practically not used for hunting.

The breed was developed in the UK, but the origins of the dogs belong to the territory of Scotland. In the 19th century, it did not even talk about an independent breed. Then there was only a group of dogs that took part in the hunt.

At that time, there was a need for dogs that could find shot game and even get it out of water. The Scottish lord Tweedmos I set out to breed a suitable breed. He selected only the best representatives of hunting dog breeds and for more than half a century he has been engaged in breeding work. Thanks to the fact that the lord documented his activities, it was possible to find out that for the breeding of the “golden” the breeder took Labradors, Setters, Water Spaniels and Retriever.

As a result, early golden retrievers emerged, which immediately created competition for smooth-haired retrievers. However, for that period of time until the final design of the breed was far away. Then there were more popular breeds, and many breeders woke up the excitement in breeding their own breeds. But all the clumsily bred breeds crashed in the process of competition of dog dogs in England, but the Goldens proved their superiority. From that moment, the breeding of golden retriever began with particular enthusiasm.

The work was under the vigilant control of experienced breeders, mandatory tests were conducted to identify working qualities. All representatives of the breed who did not fit by any criteria were screened out. The real champions of their breed began to appear, who were able to achieve great success in various exhibitions. Many fans of these golden beauties appeared, the breed gained popularity.

Since 1911, representatives of the breed began to be registered in a separate name – “Golden Retriever”, which distinguished the breed from their ancestors – “Goldens”. In 1930, the breed received its recognition in the United States.

Representatives of the breed are real handsome men with a noble appearance, but many breeders are sure that the “gold” in the name of the breed is not a shade of wool, but a description of the character.

Even the first goldens had certain requirements, which representatives of the modern breed meet:

Medium sized dogs should have a strong physique.
Strong limbs with thick skin on the pads of the paws (the latter protected from sharp reed leaves).
Hardy, efficient animal.
The dog is capable of swimming, and is equipped with a waterproof undercoat.
The dog is perfect obedience.The body weight of the breed varies from 25-41.5 kg. The growth of males at the withers is usually 56-61 cm, bitches – approximately 51-56 cm. The appearance of the pet has its own specific features and characteristics:
The head of the golden retriever is moderately wide, wedge-shaped, with clear skull lines. The nose is flat, ending in a black lobe of a classic shape. The mouth is deep, with developed teeth and a bite in the form of scissors.
The eyes are medium in size with a dark brown iris and dense pigmented eyelids, widely spaced. The Goldens look friendly, often interested. Auricles small, hanging, with rounded ends.
The body is harmonious, rectangular in shape, with well-fitting skin without sagging. Dogs have developed musculature and strong bones. The neck is medium, oval, with a moderately pronounced withers. The back is straight, with a wide lower back.
The chest is wide, the ribs are rounded.
The limbs are proportional, the joints are strong with developed muscles. Brushes are round in shape, on the pads of the paws thick, pigmented in black skin.
The tail is even, lowered down, during operation rises to the level of the back.
The pigmentation of the hair of the Golden Retriever is their identification mark, it is light golden with a slight pinkish tint. The standard allowed cream shades, as well as a small amount of white hairs in the chest area. The remaining hair is soft, elastic, and adheres tightly to the undercoat. The coat can be smooth, wavy, but not curly. The undercoat in dogs is dense, it can protect the animal from water and frost.

If you have a golden retriever at home, most likely you are fluent in the art of cleaning wool from horizontal surfaces, you can walk for a long time in any weather, but you are sure that all this is worth it to be the owner of Smile or Casper. Then this article is unlikely to surprise you. If you only plan to get a golden-haired pet, you should weigh the pros and cons in advance.

Is the dog right for me?

You make yourself a friend for 10-12 years. To interact with him was a joy, not a burden, your characters must match. You will make friends with a golden retriever if:

• you like outdoor activities and physical activity, prefer hiking to home gatherings;
• you are more like an extrovert, tend to express emotions and love when they show affection for you;
• you are inspired by the thought of training a retriever, taking a joint training course, exercises and entertainment – for example, agility (a sport where the pet and the owner overcome obstacles together);
• you do not need a dog for protection – golden is unlikely to be a good watchman;
• you would like to knit a dog wool sweater in the future – golden is perfect for this!

Golden retriever in the apartment

If you have a golden retriever at home, most likely you are fluent in the art of cleaning wool from horizontal surfaces, you can walk for a long time in any weather, but you are sure that all this is worth it to be the owner of Smile or Casper. Then this article is unlikely to surprise you. If you only plan to get a golden-haired pet, you should weigh the pros and cons in advance.

Is the dog right for me?

You make yourself a friend for 10-12 years. To interact with him was a joy, not a burden, your characters must match. You will make friends with a golden retriever if:

• you like outdoor activities and physical activity, prefer hiking to home gatherings;
• you are more like an extrovert, tend to express emotions and love when they show affection for you;
• you are inspired by the thought of training a retriever, taking a joint training course, exercises and entertainment – for example, agility (a sport where the pet and the owner overcome obstacles together);
• you do not need a dog for protection – golden is unlikely to be a good watchman;
• you would like to knit a dog wool sweater in the future – golden is perfect for this!

Am I suitable for a Golden Retriever?

Before choosing a breed, you need to evaluate whether you are able to meet the needs of the pet. Only a healthy dog physically and mentally can become a true friend, bringing joy, not problems. Golden retriever will take root in your home if:

• your children are already old enough to understand how to behave with a dog and what should not be done;
• you work at home, not far from home, not every day, in a free schedule – in general, you are absent not for 12 hours 5 days a week;
• you live in an area where veterinary care is available: unfortunately, the goldens do not have strong immunity and excellent health;
• You have the opportunity to purchase far from cheap feed for retriever.

What to prepare for?

Maintenance in the apartment requires the creation of conditions: the Golden Retriever is a large breed. Depending on gender and constitution, they grow up to 50-60 cm at the withers. In addition, the Goldens are long-haired and, like any hunting dog, are very active.

• If your living space is small, it is better to opt for a smaller and calmer breed. Despite the fact that a well-walked dog sleeps for the most part, a golden retriever does not have enough five square meters for a comfortable existence.
• It is necessary to equip a couch, which will belong only to the dog. It should be in size and located in the place where the maximum view opens, but at the same time not the most passable. The lounger should be protected from drafts, but you should not install it near the battery: the puppy will grow pampered and often get sick, like children whom they wrapped in childhood.
• Golden requires long walks. You will have to go out with him at least twice a day for an hour. Teach your puppy to wash his paws after walking from a tender age so that there is no difficulty with a grown dog.
• Golden retrievers molt, and carpets, if present in the apartment, will suffer. Sweeping and vacuuming preferably every day or every other day, mopping the floor with a cleaning agent – once a week.

Early days at home

Prepare in advance for the baby moving to the house. Remove small objects and other things that he can swallow or try on the tooth from the floor: plastic bags, threads, household chemicals, tinsel and wires.
Immediately show the little golden his place. As a “cradle” you can use a plastic box with low sides. Ask the breeder for a piece of the litter on which the puppy was sleeping with his mother and littermates, or give your couch in advance so that the litter sleeps on it for several days. The usual smell will help the puppy quickly adapt to new conditions.

It happens that the baby categorically does not like the space allotted, and he stubbornly goes to bed in another corner, refusing even the litter. If this happens, try to give in and let the puppy choose a place on their own (within reason).

A place for a dog is chosen once for all or, in any case, for a long time. This can be used when teaching puppy teams until he can go outside due to vaccination quarantine.

Dysplasia (especially of the hip joints) often affects large dogs, in particular, retrievers. You can reduce the risk of an adult pet becoming ill by creating conditions for the puppy in which he will put his paws correctly. If the apartment has linoleum or slippery flooring, cover it in places where the dog often walks with carpet or a mat. If the baby’s paws will not move apart when walking, the risk of deformation of bones and joints is minimized.
The Golden Retriever is a dog to keep in the apartment is not the easiest thing, and it is worth approaching the organization of a joint life seriously. Having thought through everything to the smallest detail, difficulties can be avoided.

Golden retriever puppies in your home

Even 20 years ago, golden retriever puppies were considered an expensive acquisition that not every kennel could provide. Today, these unusually kind animals have come to the heart of many people, becoming not just a part of life, but even members of the family. A distinctive feature of labradors is contact and love for children.

Even 20 years ago, golden retriever puppies were considered an expensive acquisition that not every kennel could provide. Today, these unusually kind animals have come to the heart of many people, becoming not just a part of life, but even members of the family. A distinctive feature of labradors is contact and love for children.

Retrievers are attached to their owners and most often, having left the forest nursery, are content with the role of a subordinate. Being completely unselfish, Golden loves people so much that she is even ready to share her own food if necessary. Having a good-natured character, the animal rejoices at every event and sign of attention, showing its emotions in a wagging tail. Despite the fact that this feature can cause a mess in the house, the retriever is a real source of positive for every member of the family. The only drawback of the breed is the inability to make a guard dog out of a golden Labrador. He will never bite, although he can scare an outsider by barking. Parenting tips

Like communication with an adult dog, raising a Golden puppy brings joy and many positive emotions. It is not at all difficult to properly educate an animal and accustom it to the necessary procedures and actions. The main secret of a good result, which can be achieved after the animal leaves the cattery, is a friendly attitude, without any aggression and screaming. In this case, the basic rules of upbringing, which must be necessarily vaccinated to the animal, are: love of cleanliness; calm reaction to street irritants; the right relationship with the owner and household. From the first days, after the baby of the golden Labrador left the nursery and appeared in the house (with all the necessary vaccinations), he can be taught to go to the toilet on the street. With proper education, Golden Retriever should ask for a walk from the age of six months. It is important to note that here the owners will need patience. In no case do not punish the animal physically: love and understanding will bear fruit. If the kennel is not responsible for vaccinations, it is important to ensure that the puppy has the opportunity to go to the toilet in the house. Correctly equip a corner for a golden labrador will help the following: People care about hygiene in their own home, so they believe that when you bring the golden into the house, you need to remove all the carpets. This decision is not correct, because at a young age the ligaments and tendons of the Labrador are not very strong. Teaching the baby to “walk” on the tile, or linoleum, the owner can bring considerable harm to the health of the pet.

From constant tension in the muscles of the legs of the animal at this age, the risk of developing certain diseases increases. The result of such actions is dysplasia. To avoid possible problems, experts recommend covering the space allotted for the animal to live with inexpensive carpet, porous, or rubber mats that can be easily washed and cleaned. When accustoming a golden labrador to hygiene, you need to know that small retrievers are not protected against infections. Diseases and the negative effects of microorganisms can be avoided by keeping the house clean. For example, in the hallway you cannot leave street shoes that an animal can reach. You cannot leave products brought from a store or market in the vicinity. Also, you should not let him gnaw objects and toys of other pets living in the house. Taking Golden to the town for a walk, you can not drive him through puddles and mud. A Golden Retriever puppy needs frequent but short walks on the street. However, care must be taken that the pet does not overwork. Free running and sporting activities, as well as leisurely exploration of park paths and lawns, will bring benefits. As the dog grows, it is recommended to walk the dog for about an hour and a half in the morning, up to 20 minutes in the middle of the day and several minutes in the evening. Do not force the g Golden Retriever to run for several hours, this is harmful to the golden retriever.

Feeding requirements.

Proper feeding for the development of a dog requires knowledge and responsibility from the owner. The importance of nutrition for the development of the skeletal system and muscles is difficult to overestimate. If a deficiency of nutrients occurs during puppyhood, this can affect the development of the Golden Retriever puppy and the formation of an adult dog in the future. When picking up the puppy from the breeder, ask in detail about feeding the baby and keep it like that, at least for a while, until it adapts in your house. If you want to switch to a different diet, start adding a small amount of new feed to the old one. Ideally, a puppy or dog is switched to a new diet within 3 weeks. First week: 1/4 of the new feed is mixed with 3/4 of the old feed. It is convenient to do this in a bowl, pouring with a measuring cup the total daily amount of new and old feed, and then with the same measuring cup you take the amount of averaged feed per feed. Second week: 1/2 new feed and 1/2 old. Third week: 3/4 new feed and 1/4 old. The fourth week is a new feed. This gentle method of gradual transition will not cause stressful reactions on the part of the Golden Retriever puppy’s body or adult dog.

Each brand that produces industrial feed has several feed lines that take into account the age, size and weight of your dog. Many companies today offer feed for certain breeds, given their breed identity and predisposition. You must take into account the vital activity of your dog, its way of life (level of activity) and certain stages of development. You need to learn how to read the label on the bag of your chosen food. Along with this, there is a whole line of dietary feeds that takes into account certain ailments and the need for special nutrition for your dog (renal pathology, gastrointestinal, allergic, liver, etc.).